The energy market includes the following commodities: crude oil, ethanol, natural gas, electricity, heating oil, gasoline and coal. Most energy commodities can be traded using futures contracts on an exchange, with a handful also utilizing options in addition to the futures contracts.
Energy trading is a large global business with billions in notional amount traded among the producers, users of the products, and speculators. Several common commodities make up the energy market such as: coal, gasoline, heating oil, natural gas, crude oil, ethanol, and electricity. Most energy commodities are traded on an exchange using futures contracts or using futures contracts with options.